I have a bit of a love-hate relationship when it comes to teaching students the shift patterns of multiplying and dividing by powers of ten. It’s one of those underestimated concepts that you think will be so easy for them to learn. You soon realize that it’s not as simple to teach as you previously thought.

This pretty much sums up my early experiences after a lesson on multiplying and dividing by powers of ten:

1. Take it slow: There is no need to rush students through this concept. Spend at least two days working on whole powers of ten (10; 100; 1,000) before introducing decimal powers of ten (0.1, 0.01, 0.001– Speaking of decimal powers of ten, expect some confusion and reteaching when this is introduced) This is really a worthwhile concept for students to fully understand, so you can justify spending more time on it.

**2. Make it hands-on:**Just like most math concepts, when students use models that they can actively engage with, they gain a deeper understanding. They are also able to retain the concepts better. Below are two of my favorite hands-on activities (acting it out and using number sliders) that I use when teaching powers of ten.

**Avoid teaching rules:**Number 2 will help take care of this one. Students will construct their own rules the more hands-on experiences they have. I remember being taught “Count the zeros, move the decimal.” Well, mathematically, the decimal point doesn’t move; the numbers do. And counting the zeros works great when you’re working with whole powers of ten. However, if students are only taught this rule, then they will definitely run into trouble when they are faced with decimal powers of ten.

**Acting it Out:**

**Number Sliders:**

These are a great way for your students to “play around” with shifting patterns. Just print __{Download HERE}__ the “frame” and the strips (legal size) and you’re ready to go. Students can do the cutting on their own; they may need to fold the frame in half to cut the slits.

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**5th Grade 5-A-Day Review**